HomeAdvanced Listening Part 4

OVERVIEW

  • Part 4 consists of a series of five short monologues, each lasting about 30 seconds.
  • You will hear the recording twice.
  • The monologues are all on a related topic.
  • There are two parallel matching tasks relating to the monologues.
  • Each task consists of five questions and you have to select the correct option from a set of eight.
  • You have to choose the correct options to match with each monologue.
  • The tasks focus on two different aspects of the monologues (for example, identifying what happened to the speaker and understanding why the speaker chose a particular course of action).
  • You have to complete both tasks while you listen.
  • The answers in each monologue can be in any order, for example, you might hear the answer to Task ② before the answer to Task ①.

Finding the perfect match

[three_fourth]

Study the exam task. Then read the first part of the recording script below.
Which are the two correct answers for Speaker
❶?
Which of the other options might some people be distracted by?
Why are these options incorrect?

You will hear five short extracts in which people are talking about changing
their jobs.

[/three_fourth]

[one_fourth_last]

With each speaker, there will be one or two options that distract but are not the right answer. You must read the options very carefully to find the perfect match.

 

[/one_fourth_last]

[one_half]


Choose from the list (Ⓐ-Ⓖ) the job that each speaker used to do.

[/one_half]

[one_half_last]


Choose from the list (Ⓐ-Ⓖ) each speaker’s reason for changing jobs.

[/one_half_last]

 

Speaker ❶ Well, I stack shelves in a supermarket now, but until a few months ago I was a reporter on a local paper. It was a pretty good job. I spent most of my time going out with the paper’s photographer interviewing an amazing variety of local people who’d done something special. My colleagues were interesting characters on the whole – I didn’t care for one or two of them, but that’s inevitable in any job. I worked long hours and the pay wasn’t brilliant but I’d never have left if it hadn’t been for my husband. He’d been teaching in the same primary school for years and he was keen to take on a more challenging post, so he went for a deputy headship. Much to his surprise, he got it, but it was in a town 200 miles away – too far for me to commute. Oh well, this isn’t too bad a job really. The pay’s better than you might imagine. I’m considering going part-time because I find it a bit difficult to be doing the same thing all day every day, but haven’t come to a definite decision yet.

EXAM PRACTICE

STRATEGIES

  1. Use the preparation time to read the instructions and options for both tasks very carefully.
  2. Before you listen, think about words and phrases a speaker might use to express the ideas in the options in a different way.
  3. As you listen to each speaker, try to answer the questions in both tasks.
  4. If you cannot answer one of the questions on your first listening, do not worry. When you listen again, the answer may come more easily (as some answers will already be eliminated).
  5. Remember that the answers to the tasks may come at the beginning, middle or end of what each speaker says.
  6. The speaker is unlikely to use exactly the same words as the options, so listen for paraphrases.
  7. At the end of the test, carefully transfer your answers to the answer sheet.

 

You will hear five short extracts in which people are talking about their jobs.

  • Think before you listen about what kinds of words you might hear in TASK .

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[one_half]

TASK 
Choose from the list (Ⓐ-Ⓗ)what made each speaker choose their career.

[/one_half]

[one_half_last]

TASK
Choose from the list (Ⓐ-Ⓗ)the difficulty each speaker has had to overcome.

[/one_half_last]

 

While you listen you must complete both tasks.

 

[one_half]


(The speaker mentions several different influences
from the first list of options, but which one answers the question?)

[/one_half]

[one_half_last]


(Remember that the answer to TASK ② may sometimes come before the answer to TASK.)


(The speaker here mentions several things that he has not had difficulty with in his current job. But which one is a difficulty for him?)

[/one_half_last]

[spoiler title=’TRANSCRIPT’ style=’default’ collapse_link=’true’]

Speaker ❶ When I was at school, I had a talent for chemistry, and my teachers advised me to become a research scientist. But in the summer holidays after I finished school, some friends and I went travelling round Europe by train. In Greece, we got talking to a group of archaeologists and they suggested we join them on a dig. I was hooked from the first moment. Luckily, I was then able to get a place on a university course and I’ve never looked back. It hasn’t all been plain sailing, but I’ve been fortunate enough to get funding for the projects I’ve wanted to work on, which can often be a major issue for archaeologists. I suppose the main problem is constantly having to train new helpers – most of the people who come and work on digs are only doing it for a few months at a time.

Speaker ❷ I was very fortunate indeed to get this job. It’s a first-rate accountancy firm, and lots of highly-qualified people both from this country and from abroad compete to work here, though few get taken on. My dad’s an accountant, but that’s not what got me into this field – in fact, if anything, he advised me against it. He remembered how hard he’d found it as a young man spending years studying in the evenings after working all day. But that wasn’t too much of a problem for me. I’ve just always had a flair for working with figures and I find it very satisfying to immerse myself in a client’s accounts. Some of my friends find that a bit weird, I think. But I think numbers can be much more straightforward to work with than people – and there’s plenty of good software to help you with most of the more tedious operations these days.

Speaker ❸ I work as an airline pilot. It’s not quite as glamorous as people often think it sounds, as you don’t really get to see much of the places you travel to. Fortunately, I was aware of that before I decided to go for this as a career. I fly out of an airport that’s over 40 miles from the town where I used to live with my family. I commuted for about ten years, but then we decided it was all too much, especially when I was either leaving early or getting back late, so we uprooted, and things are much easier for me now. It was my old geography master who suggested I might enjoy flying, actually. He’d have loved to have been a pilot himself, but said he couldn’t afford the training. My granddad actually financed mine, which was amazingly kind of him.

Speaker ❹ It’s quite hard working in the fashion business. But it’s fun, of course, too. I love being creative and helping other women look their best. But you wouldn’t believe how tense it can be in those last few days before a major show. You just have to get everything ready on time, and that can often mean a few all-nighters. I enjoy working with the models – even the top ones are nothing like as temperamental as the press often makes out. My aunt used to be one, and I guess it was her stories that got me into the business in the first place. People have often told me I’m very talented, but I don’t think I am – it’s just a matter of being prepared to put in the hard graft. And that’s never been an issue for me. I guess I’m a bit of a workaholic really.

Speaker ❺ Other young boys usually go through a stage of wanting to be astronauts or circus clowns, but I’ve only ever wanted to be a civil engineer ever since I was a small kid. I think I was enthused when I came across a biography of the man who built some of the first ever iron bridges – that was it, as far as I was concerned. I certainly don’t have any regrets. It’s a rewarding job and I even quite enjoy the buzz of working to deadlines. Fortunately, these days most of the design is done using computer programs – I’m sure I’d have found it very difficult doing precise drawings by hand as they used to have to. My boss can be a bit bad-tempered at times. I don’t like it, but I’ve learnt not to let it bother me too much. If it got too bad, I’d try to find a job elsewhere, as indeed several other members of staff have ended up doing.

[/spoiler]

References
Acknowledgements

All authors must admit to a dependence on the work of others. We are no exception. We owe a huge debt of gratitude to all the publications and reference sources that we have consulted and adapted for educational purposes. It would also have been quite impossible to have produced the material on this website without adapting a variety of authentic resources that we have regularly referred to. While every effort has been made, it has not always been possible to identify and cite the sources of all the material used or to trace all copyright holders. We will be happy to omit any contents or include any appropriate acknowledgements when they are brought to our notice.

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