HomeAdvanced Reading and Use of English Part 4

OVERVIEW

  • Part 4 consists of six questions (plus one example).
  • Each question consists of an example sentence, a key word and a second sentence with a gap in the middle of it.
  • You have to complete the second sentence using the key word, so that it has the same meaning as the example sentence.
  • You must not change the form of the key word.
  • You will need to write between three and six words to complete each gap.
  • Part 4 tests the ability to express an idea in different ways, as well as knowledge of vocabulary and grammar.
  • The mark scheme divides the answer into two parts and you get a mark for each part that you write correctly.
  • You need to spell the words correctly to get the marks. US and UK spellings are both accepted.

CORRECTING SOME COMMON MISTAKES

Choose the correct alternative in these examples where exam candidates made mistakes.

  1. I’m sure you won’t have any difficulties  the solution to the problem.
  2. Did you have the chance  to know any Native Americans when you were living in the States?
  3. Everybody who  here  a good salary.
  4. I suggest you  a telephone card as soon as you arrive in the country.
  5. You  finish reading this book or choose another one.
  6. Not only  bad, but the sports facilities were not as you stated in the brochure.
  7. The hotel offers  cuisine.
  8. Some of the lessons that we attended in the last course  better prepared.

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence.
You must use between three and six words, including the word in capitals, without changing it.

  1. I like all the people working as managers in this company.
    WHO
    I like everyone  position in this company.
  2. The service was first-class and the rooms were excellent too.
    ONLY
    Not  the service was first-class too.
  3. You have two possibilities – driving there or going by train.
    EITHER
    You  there by train.
  4. At the concert I didn’t play as well as I expected.
    SHOULD
    I  at the concert.
  5. You’ll easily manage to finish the work by Friday.
    DIFFICULTY
    You  the work by Friday.
  6. The food at this restaurant is delicious, and the prices are very reasonable.
    MEALS
    This restaurant  very reasonable prices.
  7. I think this type of mobile phone would be the best choice for you.
    SUGGEST
    I  this type of mobile phone.
  8. I hope to be able to see the Bolshoi Ballet when I’m in Moscow.
    CHANCE
    I hope I  to the Bolshoi Ballet when I’m in Moscow.

[five_sixth]❸ The key word for all the following transformation sentences is EYE. Choose one of the expressions from the box to complete each sentence, making all the necessary changes.

catch someone’s eye • turn a blind eye to • see eye to eye •
keep an eye on in the public eye

  1. Although I love my sister, I don’t always agree with her.
    I love my sister despite  with her.
  2. The teacher pretended not to see what the children were doing.
    The teacher  the children’s behaviour.
  3. It must be hard for celebrities never to have any privacy, mustn’t it?
    It must be hard for celebrities always , mustn’t it?
  4. We’ll pay the bill and leave as soon as the waiter notices we’re waiting.
    As soon as , we’ll pay the bill and leave.
  5. Sarah watched the children while they were playing in the garden.
    Sarah  children while they were playing in the garden. [/five_sixth]

[one_sixth_last]Often the answers depend on knowledge of typical English collocations or idioms.[/one_sixth_last]

EXAM PRACTICE

STRATEGIES

  1. Read the first sentence carefully.
  2. Make sure the second sentence conveys exactly the same meaning as the first one and that you have not added any new ideas or left anything out.
  3. Write your answer in CAPITAL LETTERS.
  4. Use the key word exactly as it is written – do not change it in any way.
  5. Check that what you write fits with both what goes before and what comes after the gap.
  6. Count the number of words to make sure you have not written more than six or less than three.
  7. Remember that contractions (I’ll, don’t, etc.) count as two words.
  8. Check your spelling.
  9. At the end of the test, carefully transfer your answers to the answer sheet.

 

[five_sixth]For questions ❶-❻, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence , using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between three and six words, including the word given. Here is an example (0). Write only the missing words IN CAPITAL LETTERS.[/five_sixth]

[one_sixth_last]If you are not sure of the answer, write what you can – you may get one mark.[/one_sixth_last]

[five_sixth](0) Mark told Patti he thought her dress was beautiful.
ON
Mark  dress.[/five_sixth]

[one_sixth_last] Check that (a) you have not used too many or too few words, (b) your spelling is
correct, and (c) what you have written fits grammatically.[/one_sixth_last]

  1. Could you watch my suitcases while I go and buy my ticket?
    EYE
    Would you mind  my suitcases while I go and buy my ticket?
  2. The rainfall in the west of the country usually exceeds that in the east.
    HIGHER
    The rainfall in the west of the country tends  is in the east.
  3. It’s hard to be sure, but I think unemployment rates are beginning to fall.
    TELL
    As , unemployment rates are beginning to fall.
  4. It would be wonderful to sit down and relax for a few minutes.
    FEET
    I wish that I  for a few minutes.
  5. We were very grateful that Kate thought of suggesting we ask Max for help.
    CAME
    We were very grateful that Kate  asking Max tor help.
  6. Don’t forget to take gloves, as it may well be cold in the mountains.
    CASE
    You should  cold in the mountains.

CLUES

  1. Which expression with ‘eye’ means ‘watch’ in the sense of ‘look after’?
  2. What form of a verb follows ‘tends’?
  3. Here you need an expression with ‘tell’ meaning ‘from what have noticed or understood’.
  4. Which idiom based on ‘feet’ means ‘relax’?
  5. Which phrasal verb is often used with words like ‘suggestion’ or ‘idea’ to mean ‘think of’?
  6. Which tense is used after ‘in case’ when you’re thinking about the future?
References
Acknowledgements

All authors must admit to a dependence on the work of others. We are no exception. We owe a huge debt of gratitude to all the publications and reference sources that we have consulted and adapted for educational purposes. It would also have been quite impossible to have produced the material on this website without adapting a variety of authentic resources that we have regularly referred to. While every effort has been made, it has not always been possible to identify and cite the sources of all the material used or to trace all copyright holders. We will be happy to omit any contents or include any appropriate acknowledgements when they are brought to our notice.

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