HomeCornucopia • Word Formation 3Word Formation Practice Test 3

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in capitals.

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Complete the passage with the correct form of the words in capitals.

The chronic (1)  (SHORT) of organ donors is the most critical issue facing the field of organ transplantation. According to a Gallup poll, there are a variety of reasons why people do not readily donate their organs, one major reason being that thinking about their own death makes many people (2)  (PREHENSILE). Organizations such as the United Network for Organ Sharing are dedicated to encouraging Americans to (3)  (COME) this reluctance to become organ donors. To this end, they often stress that organ donation is a(n) (4)  (LIVE) act, not one that should be (5)  (SOCIAL) with death. However, raising awareness about organ donation is a slow process, and the need for more organs is (6)  (MEDIUM).

One proposal that has been made to try and solve this dilemma is to (7)  (VERSE) the current system in which doctors must obtain a patient’s, or his or her family’s, consent in order to remove organs after death. Under a policy of “presumed consent,” all patients would be presumed to want to become organ donors unless they (8)  (EXPLICATE) state otherwise. Presumed consent proposals have (9)  (CONSIST) been met with strong opposition, however, on the grounds that they violate an individual’s right to make medical decisions for themselves. “Mandated choice”policies on the other hand, are a less extreme (10)  (ALTER). Advocates of these policies argue that rather than waiting for people to volunteer for organ donation hospitals or government organizations should require individuals to state their (11)  (PREFER) about organ donation, perhaps when they obtain their driver’s licenses or file tax (12)  (TURN). Several states in fact have already implemented required response policies but, on average, rates of organ donation have not risen (13)  (DRAMA) as a result.

It seems therefore, that thousands of people currently on organ transplant waiting lists are counting on (14)  (ALTER) organ donations. Without a doubt, the field of organ transplantation is one of the miracles of modern medicine, but its power to save lives depends directly on the (15)  (AVAIL) of organs.

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Complete the passage with the correct form of the words from the list below.

cast • disciple • fluid • high • limit • load • mass • multiple • plausible • rail • response • right • source • strict • thorn

What was once a manageable flow of data has become a(n) (1) flood. Information is (2) en masse across a variety of media such as 24-hour rolling news networks, a mountain of newsprint, and the Alexandrian library that is the Internet. Added 10 this is the endlessly (3) data that makes up our consumer identity: health records, social security and tax returns, bank statements, PIN numbers, and passwords. Amazingly, despite this information (4) , over two thirds of (5) in a recent survey checked the box that stated, “I can never have use much information.” However, given the limits of human memory, the problem is how and where to store all the extra information.

Scientists from such varied (6) as neuroscience, cognitive psychology, sociology, and computer science are already pooling their (7)  to investigate the (8) of a device that will enhance your ability to manage the (9) of data. In form and function, this device would be something like a personal black recorder that will even document in digital form information such as recorded footage of births, marriages, and baptisms. The prospect of such a device has (10) potential, but there is a(n) (11)  risk of such storage systems being open to exploitation.

Several years ago. Lifelog, a US research program, was (12) when it came up against the (13) issue of pubic privacy. Its stated aim was “to compile a massive electronic database of every activity and relationship a person engages in.” Not surprisingly, civil liberty campaigners pounced on the project, claiming it toyed with Big Brother-like technology that could be used to keep tabs on everyone. Such a vast body of information (14) in a single database poses ethical dilemmas, particularly ones of control and application that touch on the murky area of (15) . After all, who will ensure that your memories won’t be sold to the highest bidder on the open market?

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