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Match each allusion with its correct definition.

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Complete the sentences with appropriate allusions from the previous task.

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  • (in Greek mythology) a fire-breathing female monster with a lion's head, a goat's body, and a serpent's tail
  • Late Middle English: via Latin from Greek khimaira 'she-goat or chimera'
  • (also DionysianGreek Mythologyrelating to the god Dionysus; a Greek god, son of Zeus and Semele; his worship entered Greece from Thrace c. 1000 bc. Originally a god of the fertility of nature, associated with wild and ecstatic religious rites, in later traditions he is a god of wine who loosens inhibitions and inspires creativity in music and poetry.Also called Bacchus.
  • (compare with Apollonian, relating to the rational, ordered, and self-disciplined aspects of human nature; Greek Mythologyrelating to the god Apollo; a god, son of Zeus and Leto and brother of Artemis. He is associated with music, poetic inspiration, archery, prophecy, medicine, pastoral life, and the sun.
  • the Elysian Fields (Greek Mythology) the place at the ends of the earth to which certain favoured heroes were conveyed by the gods after death; a place or position to be aspired to; via Latin from Greek Elusion (pedion) '(plain) of the blessed'.
  • Late Middle English (in the mythological sense): via Latin from Greek alkuōn 'kingfisher' (also halkuōn, by association with hals 'sea' and kuōn 'conceiving').
  • The halcyon was a bird that in medieval times was thought to breed in a nest floating on the sea, and to charm the wind and waves so that the sea was calm. It was identified as a kingfisher, most of which actually nest in riverbanks, and the word comes from the Greek term for a kingfisher, alkuōn. The halcyon days were originally 14 days of calm weather which were supposed to occur when the halcyon was breeding. Today the phrase refers to a period of time in the past that was idyllically happy and peaceful, as in ‘those halcyon days when students received full government grants’.
  • (Greek Mythology) A many-headed snake whose heads grew again as they were cut off, eventually killed by Hercules; via Latin from Greek hudra.
  • Late Middle English (referring to the maze constructed by Daedalus to house the Minotaur): from French labyrintheor Latin labyrinthus, from Greek laburinthos.
  • The word was first used to refer to the mythological maze constructed by the Greek craftsman Daedalus for King Minos of Crete to house the Minotaur, a creature half-man half-bull. It comes from Greek laburinthos. By the early 17th century it was being used both for mazes in landscaped gardens and for something intricately complicated.
  • Olympus (Greek Mythology) the home of the twelve greater gods, identified in later antiquity with Mount Olympus in Greece
  • Olympia: a plain in Greece, in the western Peloponnese; in ancient Greece it was the site of the chief sanctuary of the god Zeus, the place where the original Olympic Games were held, after which the site is named.
  • (Greek Mythology) A demigod, one of the Titans, who was worshipped by craftsmen. When Zeus hid fire away from man Prometheus stole it by trickery and returned it to earth. As punishment Zeus chained him to a rock where an eagle fed each day on his liver, which grew again each night; he was rescued by Hercules.
  • (Greek Mythology) A minor sea god who had the power of prophecy but would assume different shapes to avoid answering questions.
  • (Greek & Roman Mythology) the Muse of lyric poetry and dance

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